From the first days of the community learning concerning HIV, there are tons of queries and misconceptions concerning HIV. There have conjointly been several advancements within the understanding of HIV and maternity. to know however HIV affects pregnant girls and their unborn kid, it’s necessary to know what HIV is and the way it may be contractile.
So, what’s HIV? HIV stands for “Human immunological disorder Virus.” Human immunological disorder Virus (HIV) could be a virus that damages the system over time and is that the virus that causes noninheritable Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Our immune systems work on our behalf to stay America healthy and repel infections. many of us with HIV don’t grasp that they need HIV as a result of they feel and seem healthy. they’ll infect others while not even knowing it. whereas there’s no well-known cure for HIV or AIDS, there area unit several treatments and trials that offer a much better quality of life and, in some cases, extend the lives of these diagnosed with either HIV or AIDS.
Let’s state however you do not get HIV. you do not get HIV from touching, hugging, or being around an individual with HIV. you cannot get HIV from bug bites or mosquitos. you cannot get HIV from snuggling unless one among you has associate degree open sore or cut in/outside the mouth. you cannot get HIV from giving blood. HIV isn’t transmitted through secretion.
Now, however are you able to contract HIV? HIV is transmitted through blood and bodily fluids as well as bodily fluid, channel secretions and breast milk. Basically, there must be some way for the HIV virus to exit the infected person associate degreed an entry for the HIV virus to enter your body. The 3 commonest ways in which to contract HIV is thru unprotected sexual issues, sharing needles, and from mother to child.
How do i do know if I actually have HIV? The Centers for malady management (CDC) advocate that girls UN agency might become pregnant, or UN agency area unit pregnant, have associate degree HIV take a look at as presently as potential. If you’re already pregnant, you’ll request associate degree HIV take a look at at any time throughout your maternity, sometimes at the primary antepartum appointment. the sooner, the higher to cut back the possibility of mother to baby transmission.
If you take a look at HIV-negative and have unprotected sex or share needles, you ought to be tested once more throughout the maternity. you ought to raise to be tested once more in your trimester as typically it takes time for the virus to be gift in blood tests. it’s an honest plan to be tested as a result of you may are exposed to HIV through unprotected sex, while not knowing it and even while not your partner knowing it. If you share needles, you’ll even be at higher risk of getting HIV therefore a repeat HIV take a look at is usually recommended.
Will my baby have HIV if i’m HIV positive? If you discover that you simply area unit HIV positive throughout maternity, meet along with your care supplier to debate treatment choices. you ought to begin treatment at once and should follow your counseled treatment protocol throughout maternity, labor, delivery, and breastfeeding (and beyond) to cut back the chance of passing HIV on to the baby. it’s potential to deliver a baby that’s not HIV positive. the sooner you start antiviral treatment, the higher the probabilities that your baby won’t be HIV positive. If you take a look at HIV positive, your newborn should take associate degree antiviral treatment protocol to cut back the baby’s possibilities of changing into infected with HIV.
Most women that area unit HIV positive have their babies delivered through cesarean (C-section). However, some girls that area unit HIV positive will have channel deliveries if they need a coffee infective agent load (low-level or undetectable HIV in blood).
In resource-rich countries, like the u. s., girls that area unit HIV positive area unit powerfully suggested to use baby formula to feed their infants. Baby formula is that the safest feeding methodology for infants born to HIV positive mothers. However, if you are doing not have access to baby formula, sterile bottles and clean water daily, breastfeeding is also your solely possibility. during this case, it’s even additional necessary for you to still take your treatment protocol daily and for your baby to require her treatment protocol in addition. although the mother and baby area unit each on antiviral medications, there’s still an opportunity of passing HIV on to the child through breast milk. click here
Thanks to analysis, education, and improved treatments, many of us with HIV live long, healthy lives. like most diseases, prevention, early detection and strict adherence to treatment protocols will result in favorable outcomes.